Nature Champions: Pine marten


A species of mustelid native to Scotland, Pine marten was widespread until the 18th century, but became extinct in most areas in the 19th. A carnivore, its diet consists mainly of small mammals and carrion. It will also take birds and eggs including Capercaillie, but research has shown that predation by Pine marten is unlikely to be the main cause of Capercaillie decline.

Action Needed

  • Advocating a vision for Scotland’s ecosystems that will create healthy habitats for the Pine marten.
  • Support current research into Pine marten distribution in Scotland.
  • Object to control measures that will have a significant detrimental effect on the Pine marten.
  • Increase native woodland cover 
  • Develop and implement a coherent Scottish Nature Network so actions can be targeted to support species and habitats 
  • Ensure the Scottish Biodiversity Strategy addresses the IPBES drivers fully.


Conflicts with humans, habitat fragmentation, and availability of suitable den sites.

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