Nature Champions: Upland Flushes, Fens and Swamps


This habitat includes vegetation that relies on wet habitats to grow. The vegetation in this habitat is exceptionally diverse, supporting a range of other species and playing an important role in the landscape of Scotland’s uplands.

Action Needed

  • Establish a National Nature Network to combat habitat fragmentation- this would improve interconnectivity between species, habitats and ecosystems. NTS research (2021) found 73% supported a link to the national network being created in their own area.
  • Deliver a new Scotish Biodiversity Strategy with binding targets for nature recovery.
  • Reverse cuts to funding for nature friendly farming and post-CAP, make support available for farmers through agri-environment schemes that reward restoration and protection of valuable habitats. 
  • Bring hill tracks within the planning system to improve siting, design and construction and reduce unintended environmental impacts. 
  • The 2021-2026 Parliament should introduceWork for strong deer management legislation which prioritises the conservation and recovery of habitats and species


  • Habitat fragmentation- this  strands species on disconnected islands, making them less resilient to pressures like climate change.
  • Drainage and changes to hydrology, e.g. from wind farm access tracks and other hill tracks.
  • Inappropriate afforestation at lower altitudes.
  • Atmospheric nitrogen pollution.
  • Overgrazing and trampling, although light grazing can be beneficial.

MSP Nature Champion

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