World Ocean Day: protecting at least 30% Scotland’s seas for ecosystem recovery

June 8th, 2022 by

Meeting commitments to protect at least 30% of Scottish seas for ecosystem recovery by 2030


A picture of the sea from a cliff top

Evidence is growing to show that the health of Scotland’s seas has been in decline for some time. Seabed habitats are a shadow of what they once were, fish stocks have dwindled, and coastlines are changing due to the impacts of climate change. By law our seas should have been in ‘Good Environmental Status’ by 2020 (seas are healthy and productive and resources are being used at sustainable levels), but unfortunately all governments across the UK failed to achieve this for 11 out of 15 indicators. And that’s not to mention the bigger picture that this is a worldwide trend, with the earth now widely recognised as being simultaneously in the midst of a climate emergency and nature crisis – a de facto ocean emergency. Arguably we now need to go further than GES. (more…)

Are you wanting to encounter marine wildlife this Bank Holiday?

May 25th, 2022 by

The coastal waters of Scotland are home to several marine mammal species like bottlenose dolphins, harbour porpoise and seals. It’s more common than you think to encounter them and, working for WDC on our Shorewatch project, I am fortunate enough to record numerous sightings of whales, dolphins and porpoises around the Scottish coastline. As a keen paddleboarder I have also had several encounters with dolphins, porpoise and seals while on the water.

A picture of a kayak near dolphins swimming

Photo: Charlie Phillips/WDC

Watching whales and dolphins wild and free is an incredible experience and provides wonderful memories that will stay with you for years. It can even shape a young person’s life. I still remember my first cetacean sighting at 14 years old, from the Isle of Skye – it was a minke whale – and that day I decided I wanted to be involved in marine conservation.

Each year more and more people are recognising that our marine environment is a place to be celebrated and enjoyed, but this also leads to marine wildlife having to share their homes with more people, which sometimes can lead to negative impacts on the creatures we love.

A picture showing a dolphin leaping out the water beside a boat

Photo: Charlie Phillips/WDC

Disturbance to whales, dolphins, porpoise, and seals from watercrafts is a serious threat to their survival. Only this year a common dolphin was killed after a boat strike, while hundreds of seals have undergone harmful injuries after being driven from their resting sites. As several of our marine species live in coastal waters, there is a high likelihood that we may encounter them when out on the water. Without the right education it can be too easy to cause a disturbance. Disturbance does not always result in death or physical injury, it can alter natural behaviours like communication, resting, feeding, breeding and soliciting, and can drive marine wildlife away from important areas used as feeding grounds or nurseries. Whales, dolphins, and porpoises need to feed, rest, socialise and reproduce to stay healthy and to keep their populations strong. If we get too close, we can disrupt their natural behaviours and unwittingly cause changes to an individual’s breathing, hamper their ability to feed, or stop them getting the rest that they need. Mothers with calves are particularly vulnerable.

You might think it’s just noisy boats and jet skis that are a problem, but kayakers and paddle-boarders can disturb dolphins too, and it’s important that we all know how to behave around marine wildlife, so we can ensure their and our safety. That’s why WDC launched our #RudeToIntrude campaign to raise awareness of marine mammal disturbance, what it looks like, and how to avoid causing a disturbance and how to report any illegal activities.

We all need our personal space – so do whale and dolphins.

Following this advice will help you to remain within the law and reduce the risk of you disturbing whales and dolphins.

  • Keep your distance. Avoid getting too close, especially if calves are present.
  • Approach carefully from behind and to the side, make sure you are aware of best practice.
  • Three is a crowd – there should never be more than two watercrafts within the 300 metre ‘caution zone’
  • Don’t overstay your welcome – 15 minutes is enough.
  • Avoid repeated disturbance; consider staying away if the wildlife has already spent a prolonged period with vessels nearby.
An infographic showing safe observation distance from a marine animal

Image: WDC

It’s #RudeToIntrude. To avoid disturbing wildlife, DO NOT:

  • Make sudden changes to speed and direction
  • Approach from directly in front or behind
  • Drive between or scatter groups, especially mothers and calves
  • Chase or repeatedly approach individuals
  • Box them in – take care not to trap individuals between your vessel and other vessels or the shore
  • Swim with them or try to touch or feed them.

Disturbance of whales and dolphins is an offence, whether it is intentional or not. Reporting reckless or intentional disturbance will help protect whales and dolphins, enabling everyone to enjoy our waters.

  • If you see someone disturbing dolphins, porpoises or whales, do not approach them yourself. Do report them to the police by calling 101.
  • Tell the operator that you are reporting a wildlife crime and ask for an incident number to ensure that reports can be tracked.
  • Report the incident, letting them know:
    • the date, time and location of the disturbance
    • the behaviour of any vessels and of the whales and dolphins before, during and after the event
    • if possible, the species involved
    • the duration of the interaction
    • any identifying features of the people or vessel involved, such as the boat name and the clothes worn.
  • If possible, take photographic or video evidence of the disturbance. Photos and video of behaviour before and after the disturbance or from different angles can also be very helpful!
An image with written instructions for reporting disturbance of marine animals

Image: WDC

Watch the full #RudeToIntrude video!


Katie Dyke is the Shorewatch Project Coordinator for Whale and Dolphin Conservation

A picture of a smiling person on a paddleboard

Photo: Al Dennis

Reflections on the Clyde Cod spawning closure

March 24th, 2022 by

What can we learn about making fisheries management effective for nature conservation?

A short-term fisheries closure for the protection of spawning (breeding) cod came into force on 14th February for 11 weeks. This is an annual closure, but this year the process has taken a different turn. (more…)

How will COP26 Deliver Recovery for Scottish Seas?

December 3rd, 2021 by

A blog by Esther Brooker, Marine Policy and Engagement Officer.

Scotland has been well and truly in the global limelight for the past weeks, with the high-profile UN Conference of the Parties for Climate Change (COP26) being co-hosted by the UK and Italian Governments in Glasgow [1].


Avoiding a chemical crisis for Scotland’s seas

August 30th, 2021 by

Author: Hannah Evans, Project Officer, Fidra



We’ve all heard about the devasting effects of plastic pollution and we know our relationship with single-use materials needs to change. We’ve seen plastic bottles, food containers and shopping bags floating in the seas. We’ve watched footage of marine life swimming in a fog of our disposable debris. But how much is being said about plastic’s partner in crime, chemical pollution?


Agreement between Scottish Government and Scottish Greens must be next wave in ocean recovery

August 27th, 2021 by

Last week the Scottish Government and Scottish Green Party announced a co-operation agreement and shared policy programme, the first of its kind in the UK. Whilst not exhaustive, and still to be voted on by Scottish Green members, many welcome commitments are included


Enjoying Scotland’s Coast with Minimal Impact.

July 1st, 2021 by

A Blog from Hebridean Whale and Dolphin Trust –

Scotland’s coastline is rich with marine wildlife and is a fantastic place to connect with nature, slow down and soak up some vitamin sea. Over a quarter of all species of whale, dolphin, and porpoise, have been recorded here, and that’s not all… Scotland is one of the best destinations in the world to see basking sharks, a species that is classified by the IUCN as endangered.


Protecting marine mammals around Scottish aquaculture farms

March 29th, 2021 by

Scotland’s salmon farming industry has been the focus of much attention over the last few years, and most recent developments have focused around its impact on marine mammals.


Taking Stock – Lessons learnt in 2020 and opportunities to set a clear path of Ocean recovery in 2021

December 17th, 2020 by

As 2020 comes to an end, it is time to reflect on this challenging year, and the opportunities that lie ahead!


As this challenging year comes to an end, we are all lifting our heads to the horizon for glimmers of hope. The Covid-19 pandemic has demonstrated how much we all rely on nature for our health and well-being and across the globe, people are calling on governments to build back better and work together for a brighter, fairer and more sustainable future. (more…)

Blue Recovery: the role for Scotland’s seas

August 3rd, 2020 by

Our ocean remains in desperate need of recovery. International expert reports[1][2][3] released in 2019 underlined the stark consequences for biodiversity and ecological systems due to climate change and human overexploitation of living resources on land and sea. Since then, the global Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has brought our world close to standstill, with the tragic loss of countless lives and economic challenges that many countries will be dealing with for years to come.

One major realisation has to emerge from this crisis: understanding and appreciation of the fundamental role nature plays in underpinning society. (more…)